The other species -- Myristicaspecioga, Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. (ANNONACEAE), Memecylon talbotianum Brandis (MELASTOMATACEAE), Memecylon malabaricum (C. B. Uses. Filaments and connectives connate in a column; anthers 10-14. The spice has a distinctive pungent fragrance and a warm slightly sweet taste; it is used to flavor many kinds of baked goods, confections, puddings, potatoes, meats, sausages, sauces, vegetables, and such beverages as eggnog. Nicolson (CAESALPINIACEAE), Murraya koenigii (L.) Sprengel (RUTACEAE), Myristica fatua Houtt. Kanage, Doddajajikai (Kannada); Myristica malabarica] This intensely aromatic spice is from trees native to swampy areas along the Western Ghats (mountain range) of India, and used in masalas (spice mixtures) in the region, particularly Karala. Havil. Telugu: Ramapatri. is an unresolved name . Keywords: Myristica malabarica, Malabaricones, sedative, hypnotics, anti-ulcer, antimicrobial Introduction Myristica malabarica is commonly called as Malabar nutmeg or kaatuhjathi. Clarke.) Perianth segments 3, minutely scurfy-puberulous outside. The seeds are dried gradually in the sun over a period of six to eight weeks. Originated from Malabar, the seed of this species of nutmeg is oval in shape and does not have any scent, therefore it is not being traded. The oil from the seed is used as an ointment to treat ulcers, ease rheumatism and allay pain[ 146 Ovary densely rufous – tomentose; stigma large, 2-lobed. it can Induce abortion. and M. malabarica Lam. The chemical constituents such as Malabaricones, Malabaricanol, Isoflavones are … Ingredients of Gopichandanadi Gulika Malayalam: Pannam panu, Kattu jathi, Chorapali. (SAPOTACEAE), Mammea suriga (Buch.- Ham. with help from (Paris) 1788: 162 1791. - ;Arg. Myristica malabarica seed and seed aril is used as spice in Indian foods. Copyright © 2013 pilikula. Practical Uses of Myristica fragrans Jaiphal is useful in Stimulating sexual desire. Accepted Name Bombay mace Plantae > Tracheophyta > Magnoliopsida > Magnoliales > Myristicaceae > Myristica > Myristica malabarica Lam. Spices are extensively used to enhance the taste and flavor of foods and are known to possess several medicinal properties. The fat and volatile oil of nutmeg are used in the treatment of rheumatism. Ex Roxb.) The Waste Framework Directive aims to protect the environment and human health from the generation and management of waste and to improve efficient use of resources. Myristica malabarica Lam. Myristicafragrans is the most widely traded species followed by Myristica argentea and Myristica fattua. (EUPHORBIACEAE). Gopichandanadi Gulika or Gopeechandanadi Gulika is an ayurvedic medicinal preparation in the form of a pill or tablet. Kannada: Dodda Jaikai, Kanage, Rampatre. Substitutes and Adulterants: Being costly, nutmegs are adulterated with inferior varieties or with the exhausted drug. Myristica malabarica Lam. Field work was carried out in the central Western Ghats regions of Karnataka, with due permission from the Karnataka Forest Department. Wood reddish brown, light, moderately hard, not durable, locally used for building construction; suitable for light furniture, match boxes and splints. It has quality to Relieve pain. Seeds oblong; aril irregularly lobed and laciniate, yellow. Male flowers in slender, 2-3-chotomous, subumbellate cymes. It is used in Ayurvedic medicine. Myristica fragrans (MF) is an evergreen tree whose fruit is used to produce mace (aril) and nutmeg. Other species include Myristica argentea (Papua) and Myristica malabarica (India), both used as adulterants in trade. Now it is a vulnerable species according to IUCN red list. Both Myristica magnifica and M. malabarica are endangered trees that are native to Western Ghats. Cogn. (GUTTIFERAE), Macaranga peltata (Roxb.) . . Share. 5: t. 825 (1918), Rheede tot Drakestein, H.A. Acad. All rights reserved. Muell. Maesa indica (Roxb.) It is native to India found widely in western ghat hills. The antipromastigote activity of different extracts/fractions of M. malabarica and its constituent diarylnonanoids were evaluated in Leishmania donovani promastigotes (MHOM/IN/83/AG83) using the MTS-PMS assay. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Common names Fat and resin are the major constituents of the Bombay mace. Floral histology and vascular anatomy of Myristica fragrans Van Houtt. Myristicaceae. Myristica iners: It appears in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. 0. The flowers are unisexual. Myristica malabarica. During the visit, I have asked a tribal woman (Paliyar), collecting the fruits, for the uses. Myristica Malabarica is a traditionally used herb but there is no scientific validation which old version of books and oliaichuvadi (Palmleaf petal writings) anti angiogenesis activity. From Wikispecies. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Kirtikar, K.R., Basu, B.D., Indian medicinal plants, Plates, vol. Myristica malabarica. Although they are similar in appearance to M. fragrans, they, however, have less intense flavor and aroma and command less price. Female flowers in few-flowered subumbellate cymes. (MYRISTICACEAE) Tamil: Pathiri, Kattu jaathi kaai. To. Myristica malabarica Lam. Also an active agent against bacteria. Lam. Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. web interface by Madhuca longifolia (L.) Macbr. A threatened species. Home | Wild Life | Arboretum | Golf | Heritage Village | Ayurvedic centre | Science Centre | Lake/Garden | Amusement Park. Phytochemical investigation of the heartwood of Myristica malabarica has led to the isolation of the new 7,4′-dimethoxy-5-hydroxyisoflavone together with two other isoflavones, and a 1,3-diarylpropanol and a rare α-hydroxydihydrochalcone. Distribution: India: In evergreen forests of Western Ghats below 800 m.Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala. This name is unresolved.. Both are used commonly for treating stomach discomfort, peptic ulcer, flatulence, and anxiety. van, Hortus Indicus Malabaricus, vol. ; Myristica malabarica Lam. (EUPHORBIACEAE), Melastoma malabathricum L. (MELASTOMATACEAE), Meiogyne pannosa (Dalz.) Angiosperms. Myristica is an annual Ecological Festival organized in connection with the 'United Nations International Decade of Biodiversity' (2011- 2020). Its scientific name is: Myristica fragrans. Ripe fruits form the source of Bombay Nutmeg and Bombay Mace, used as adulterant of Myristica fragrans. Myristica malabarica is an economically important plant, endemic to India. magnifica (Beddome) Sinclair, Myristica dactyloides Gaertner (MYRISTICACEAE), Myristica malabarica Lam. (RUBIACEAE), Moullava spicata (Dalz.) (MYRISTICACEAE), Madhuca neriifolia (Moon) H.J.